4th Axis CNC Router: An In-Depth Guide for 2023

Are you considering purchasing economically priced 4-axis CNC router tables online, with sizes including 2×2, 2×3, 2×4, 4×4, 4×6, 4×8, 5×10, 6×12, rather than adopting the DIY approach, for applications ranging from home workshops, small-scale enterprises, hobbyists, educational training, commercial utilization, to industrial manufacturing?

4th Axis CNC Router: An In-Depth Guide for 2023

Are you in the quest for creative, cost-free DIY concepts to assemble your own sophisticated 4th axis CNC router kit for intricate rotary machining tasks with materials ranging from wood, MDF, plywood, to aluminum, copper, brass, stone, foam, plastic, acrylic, and glass?

Are you considering purchasing economically priced 4-axis CNC router tables online, with sizes including 2×2, 2×3, 2×4, 4×4, 4×6, 4×8, 5×10, 6×12, rather than adopting the DIY approach, for applications ranging from home workshops, small-scale enterprises, hobbyists, educational training, commercial utilization, to industrial manufacturing?

Are you evaluating the most financially advantageous rotary CNC kit from a top-rated manufacturer, supplier, dealer, seller, brand or creator, providing 24/7 complimentary service and support?


Peruse through our comprehensive buying guide for 2023 tailored to makers, DIY enthusiasts, homeowners, shop owners, beginners, operators, machinists, merchants, brokers, distributors, agents, commercial users, wholesalers, industrial manufacturers, carpenters, artisans, builders, woodworkers, metal fabricators, foam fabricators, and stone workers featuring a myriad of styles and types including mini, small, tabletop, benchtop, desktop, portable, handheld (DSP controller), gantry, and large format.

4th Axis CNC Router: An In-Depth Guide for 2023

Hymson Laser stands as the optimum store that can provide you with top-rated new & used 4-axis CNC machines on sale at cost-effective prices in 2023, catering to your budget with expert customer service for your personalized 2D/3D cutting, carving, drilling, grooving, turning, and milling projects and solutions.


A 4-axis CNC router is an automated, computer-controlled machine tool whose spindle exhibits a rotational movement of 180° along the X-axis or the Y-axis to execute 3D arc milling and cutting operations, an upgrade on the conventional 3-axis machine tool.

The 4th axis CNC router is a computer numerically controlled automated machine tool kit specialized for relief carving and sheet cutting, also featuring an added fourth axis (rotary axis) for 3D cylinders milling.

Further, the 4-axis CNC machine is divided into four-axis three-linkage and four-linkage; it’s not merely the addition of rotation that defines it as a four-axis linkage machine tool. A system with a rotating axis and four-axis linkage can be referred to as a true 4-axis CNC machine. The 4th rotary axis enables 3D machining of cylindrical, arc, and circular surfaces. A genuine 4-axis machine tool can cut wood, foam, stone, white marble, human bodies, Buddha statues, sculptures, handicrafts, and furniture.


Carpentry: The art of relief and hollow carving is brought to life on hardwood furniture using a 4-axis CNC machine.

Furniture Manufacturing: Sophisticated applications of the 4-axis CNC machine in the furniture industry include the creation of wooden doors, cabinets, panels, office furniture, solid wood furniture, and the intricate detailing on doors and windows of tables and chairs.

Advertising: The 4-axis CNC machine is a versatile tool used for creating advertising signs and logos, acrylic cutting, plastic molding, and crafting a range of materials into appealing advertising decorations.

Woodworking: This machine facilitates the crafting of various objects such as audio devices, gaming cabinets, computer tables, sewing machines, and musical instruments.

Panel Processing: In panel processing, the 4-axis CNC machine aids in the production of insulation parts, plasticized workpieces, PCBs, bowling tracks, stairs, anti-fold special boards, epoxy resin, ABS, PP, PE, and other carbon mixtures.

The 4-axis CNC machine plays a crucial role in the aluminum cutting industry. The machine’s capabilities extend to aluminum plates, aluminum plastic plates, aluminum honeycomb plates, aluminum profiles, and 3D machining processes. It also aids in wave board production, special-shaped artificial sheet cutting, LED and neon slot literal cutting, and plastic suction light box mold production. The 4-axis CNC machine also excels in cutting and milling acrylic, copper sheets, PVC sheets, artificial stones, MDF, and plywood sheets.


  • Support for A/C code format and unique M code control.
  • It comes with a customizable and editable I/O interface, providing users with a diverse range of development platforms.
  • It has an intelligent processing memory function that supports breakpoint continuous cutting.
  • The machine has a stronger anti-interference ability and has passed numerous CE tests.
  • Equipped with parameter backup and recovery functions, it effectively prevents the loss of critical parameters.
  • Capable of processing complex workpieces such as cylinders, prisms, and polyhedrons.
  • It is used in 3D jade carvings, 3D stone carvings, Buddha statues, stair pillars, sofas, table legs, stair balusters, and spindles.


Brand: Hymson Laser

Table Sizes: 2′ x 3′, 2′ x 4′, 4′ x 4′, 4′ x 6′, 4′ x 8′, 5′ x 10′, 6′ x 12′

Axis: 4 Axis, 4th Axis

Capability: 2D Machining, 2.5D Machining, 3D Machining

Materials: Wood, Aluminium, Copper, Brass, Metal, Stone, Foam, Plastic

Types: Hobby Types for Home Use and Industrial Types for Commercial Use

Software: ArtCAM, Type3, Cabinet Vision, CorelDraw, UG, Solidworks, MeshCAM, AlphaCAM, UcanCAM, MasterCAM, CASmate, PowerMILL, Fusion360, Aspire, AutoCAD, Autodesk Inventor, Alibre, Rhinoceros 3D

Controller: Mach3, Mach4, Ncstudio, OSAI, Siemens, Syntec, LNC, FANUC

Price Range: $2,580.00 – $38,000.00

OEM Service: X, Y, Z Axis Working Area

Optional Parts: Rotary Device, Dust Collector, Vacuum Pump, Cooling System, Servo Motors, Colombo Spindle

Pros & Cons


  • Calculates the rotating cutting path without unfolding the surface.
  • Eliminates the need for repetitive rotation of the workpiece and completes the tool path calculation at once.
  • Reduces the finishing allowance, and the tool path can be roughed in layers.
  • Can perform partial rotation processing, enabling setting of the angle range and length range.


  • The machining accuracy of irregularly rotating workpieces is often affected by the precision of the fixture. Usually, multi-face rotation positioning machining is adopted, and there are always joints between different machining directions.
  • Rotary carving without positioning joints employs the integral method of rotating spindle, and the machine generates an automatically closed rotary cutting path.

3 Axis VS 4 Axis

3 axis CNC machine possesses only three coordinate axes, X, Y, and Z, while the 4 axis kit has an additional indexing head than the 3 axis kit. This indexing head, a commonly used accessory for machining complex products, is controlled by the operating system. It facilitates indexing and positioning machining of workpieces. Although the 4 axis offers superior multi-surface processing compared to the 3 axis, the difference in programming is insignificant. Operators familiar with the 3 axis machine tool can quickly adapt to the 4 axis CNC machine, with negligible operational differences.

4 Axis VS 5 Axis

Four-axis linkage and five-axis linkage generally denote the number of linkage control axes of the control system. A four-axis linkage must first have four controllable axes, which can interpolate motion control simultaneously. In contrast, a 5 axis machine tool is a high-tech, high-precision machine tool specifically used for processing complex curved surfaces.

What Is 4th Axis (Rotary Axis)?

The 4th axis, also known as the CNC indexing head, is a machine tool accessory that clamps the workpiece on the chuck or between two centers, allowing it to rotate, index and position. The introduction of the 4th axis to the machine broadens the machining plane of the tool, reduces repetitive workpiece clamping, enhances the overall processing accuracy of the workpiece, simplifies the process, and improves production efficiency.

How To Use Rotary Axis (4th Axis)?

The rotary axis can be placed directly on the platform, enabling the gantry to heighten. This does not affect the platform size when the plane is carved, allowing the rotary axis to be easily mounted and dismounted.

Placing the rotary axis on the side of the platform depends on the diameter of the rotating shaft. If the diameter is large, the gantry must be heightened. If the diameter is around 10cm, it is not necessary.

The table top can be sunk, and the rotary axis can be placed under the platform. When carving the plane, the platform can be placed on the rotary axis for carving.

Leave a Comment