The manufacturing industry has witnessed a paradigm shift with the advent of fiber laser cutters. These machines offer expedited, efficient, and highly precise cutting capabilities, making them an indispensable asset for metal workers and manufacturing firms. From sheet metals to profiles and pipes, fiber laser cutters have proven to be an essential tool for industries such as automotive, aerospace, and manufacturing, as well as for hobbyists and small businesses.
Hymson Laser, a leading player in the laser cutting industry, offers comprehensive instructions and guidelines for those looking to acquire a new cutting system to shape metals for their business or craft their next sleek design.
What is a fiber laser cutter?
A fiber laser cutter is an automated laser cutting machine equipped with a CNC controller. It is used to cut out precise metal shapes, contours, lines, and prototypes on sheet metals, pipes, and profiles at high speed. This results in the creation of metal parts, signs, arts, crafts, gifts, puzzles, and decorations. It is designed for all types of metal fabrication, serving as your reliable metalworking partner. It comes with various laser power options (ranging from 1000W to 40000W) for cutting through different thicknesses and types of metal, including carbon steel, stainless steel, electrical steel, tool steel, galvanized steel, mild steel, aluminum zinc, aluminum alloy, aluminum, titanium alloy, iron, brass, and copper.
How do fiber laser cutters improve manufacturing efficiency?
Fiber laser cutters provide superior manufacturing support compared to other traditional cutting tools due to their faster cutting speed, higher precision, and less maintenance. This implies that, within a short time, you will be able to augment your production capability. As a business owner, this translates into cost savings when you have such a tool in your repertoire.
Applications of Fiber Laser Cutters
Fiber laser cutting machines are automatic smart metal cutting tool kits with a computer numerically controlled system to cut through metal sheets, tubes, and profiles made of various metals. They are professional at cutting out any profile on high-precision auto parts, ship fittings, and aircraft accessories and are ideal for cutting out any shape on kitchen utensils, lighting, jewelry, decorations, and signs. They also serve as a good helper for personalized metal fabrication businesses.
Fiber laser cutters are used in a wide range of industries, including electronics, automobiles, aviation, aerospace, auto parts, subway parts, electrical appliances, textile machinery, precision accessories, engineering machinery, food machinery, ship building, household appliances, metallurgical equipment, tool machining, elevators, metal arts, metal crafts, metal gifts, metal decorations, advertising, kitchenware, metal external machining, and some other manufacturing industries.
Fiber laser cutters can cut a variety of metals and alloys, including carbon steel, stainless steel, silicon steel, alloy steel, spring steel, mild steel, aluminum, galvanized steel, tool steel, aluminized zinc plate, copper, brass, pickling sheet, titanium, silver, gold, iron, alloy, and other metal sheets and tubes.
How to Laser Cut Metal with CNC Controller?
A laser cutter uses a generator with the CNC control system to dope the pump material into the optical fiber, and the laser of a specific wavelength emitted by the semiconductor laser is coupled to make the optical fiber generate a beam. Then, the machine converges the beam into a small diameter spot to form a beam of high energy density and extremely bright light, which acts on the metal to be cut, which causes the temperature of the metal at the irradiation point to be sharp. It rises and reaches the vaporization temperature instantaneously, causing evaporation and forming holes. And the machine uses this as the starting point. According to the shape requirements of the part to be cut, the beam and the part are moved relative to each other according to a certain trajectory to form a slit. At the same time, the auxiliary gas blowing device is used to remove the slag.
How Thick of Metal Can You Cut with a Fiber Laser?
Fiber laser cutters have the ability to cut various thicknesses of different types of metals and alloys. Every brand of laser generator has its own unique pros and cons for cutting metals. In the case of the same generator, different powers will result in different maximum metal cutting thicknesses.
The total expenditure for a fiber laser cutter is a composite of several elements:
- CNC spare parts: This includes the machine bed frame, generator, cutting head, water chiller, gas cylinder, air storage tank, power supply, air compressor, cooling dryer, filter, exhaust fan and dust remover, and slag extractor.
- Cutting system and software
- Shipping costs
- Tax rates
- Customs clearance
- Service and technical support
The average market price for fiber laser cutters, as indicated by data from Amazon, Google, and Hymson Laser, is approximately $39,800.
- Brand: Hymson Laser
- Laser Type: Fiber
- Laser Source: Raycus/IPG
- Laser Power: 1000W – 40000W
- Laser Wavelength: 1064 nm
- Cooling System: Water Chiller
- Max Cutting Thickness: 200mm
- Max Cutting Speed: 60m/min
- Price Range: $14,200.00 – $260,000.00
- Applications: Sheet Metals and Metal Tubes
Fiber laser cutters come with a host of features that make them a preferred choice for many industries. These include high electro-optical conversion efficiency, low operation and maintenance costs, a high-quality beam, optical fiber transmission, a protective lens in the cutting head, simplified mechanical system design, and optical shutter addition.
Advantages & Disadvantages
While fiber laser cutters offer numerous advantages such as high accuracy, a narrow slit, a smooth cutting edge, high speed, high quality, non-destructive cutting, good flexibility, die-less cutting, material savings, ease of use, safety, and environmental protection, they also have some disadvantages. Long-term exposure to the cutting machine can cause serious damage to the retina. The dust produced during cutting can impact human health. Oxygen is often used in the cutting process, and sparks produced during cutting can easily cause fires.
Care & Maintenance
Regular inspection and maintenance are necessary for a fiber laser cutter. If there is deformation or other forms, you should know that the cutting head has been slightly damaged at this time and that you need to replace it. Failure to replace will affect the cutting quality and increase the cost, and some products may need to be reprocessed, reducing production efficiency.
Safety is paramount when using fiber laser cutters. Ensure the power socket is in good contact and the ground wire is well grounded. Ensure the voltage of the water chiller is stable. The refrigeration compressor is sensitive to the power supply voltage, and the standard working voltage is 200 ~ 250V (100 ~ 130V for 110V models).
In conclusion, fiber laser cutters have revolutionized the manufacturing industry by offering expedited, more efficient, and highly precise cutting capabilities. They are an indispensable asset for metal workers and manufacturing firms, and their applications span across various industries. However, like any other machine, they require regular maintenance and care to ensure their efficiency and longevity. By understanding their features, advantages, and disadvantages, users can make the most of these machines and significantly enhance their manufacturing processes.